Quoting, Paraphrasing, & Summarizing

Most people know that if you directly quote a source, you need to put the passage in quotation marks and include a citation. But you also have to cite information that you paraphrase or summarize.

handwritten notes on top of  a highlighted journal article

When you paraphrase a passage from a source, you are restating something in your own words. A paraphrased passage is typically the same length as the original, but may interpret the information in a new light or put the information into a slightly different context.

When you summarize a passage from a source, you are condensing the information and putting it in your own words. A summarized passage is typically shorter than the original and provides an overview of the concept or idea.