Try it Out!

Now let's see if you can tell the difference between different ways of incorporating information from sources into your writing.

In the following exercise, you will see a block of text, and then be shown examples of ways that that information could be used in an academic paper. Your job is to tell whether each example is a direct quote, summary, or paraphrase.

OK

First, read the original source text...

Source Text

For most of the women, imprisonment meant an almost total loss of freedom in many basic decisions and activities of everyday life. Surviving the difficult routine required some source of hope or meaning, which the women often described as their motherhood. The women used to cope with daily difficulties by thinking about their children and their relationship with them in prison, as well as by planning for their future relationship after their release: ‘‘What enabled me to cope was the endless thinking about my daughter." "The only hope was these two children. This gave me a reason to get up in the morning." Analyzing the women's descriptions elicits four forms in which motherhood is experienced as a motive for survival: (a) the children as boundaries of sanity; (b) the struggle to maintain contact with the children; (c) taking care of other women’s children within the prison; and (d) acknowledging motherhood. Some women used more than one of these motives.

Shamai, Michal, and Rinat-Billy Kochal. "Motherhood Starts in Prison: The Experience of Motherhood Among Women in Prison." Family Process 47.3 (2008): 323-340. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 10 June 2015.

...then click here to begin.

Example #1

"Surviving the difficult routine required some source of hope or meaning, which the women often described as their motherhood" (Samai, 327-328).

This is a...

Example #2

Women who are incarcerated frequently feel a loss of basic freedoms, as well as the loss of support and relationships which help them cope with daily life. Most use the concept of motherhood to help them stay connected with their lives and families outside of prison; this shared identity takes many forms, but overall helps the women survive the prison experience and plan for their lives after release (Samai, 327-328).

This is a...

Example #3

Imprisonment means not only a loss of freedom, but a loss of the support and connection through relationships which help women cope with daily life. Many women think about their children and relationships as a way to maintain a sense of sanity and hope throughout incarceration. There are four basic forms in which the concept of motherhood can be identified as a method for coping with the prison experience: children as a means of maintaining sanity, problems with contacting and communicating with children, caring for other women’s children while in prison, and identifying with the concept of motherhood in general. Women often use a combination of these techniques (Samai, 327-328).

This is a...

Not quite...

Summarizing is condensing the information from a source and presenting the main ideas in your own words.

Try Again!

Not quite...

Paraphrasing a source means going into the same level of detail as the original, but restating the information in your own language.

Try Again!

Not quite...

For a direct quote, the exact text should be used and in quotation marks.

Try Again!

Correct!

Summarizing is condensing the information from a source and presenting the main ideas in your own words.

Next

Correct!

Paraphrasing a source means going into the same level of detail as the original, but restating the information in your own language.

Next

Correct!

For a direct quote, the exact text should be used and in quotation marks.

Next

Good Job!

Learning how to properly use information from your sources and cite the work of others will lend credibility to your own work and help you avoid accidental plagiarism